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Intro to World Religions 2_2_2

Intro to World Religions 2_2_2 - Shiite Sunni Sufism A...

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A smaller group believed that the prophet’s son in law Ali should become the next leader. For a few months, Ali delayed pledging oath to Abu Bakr, but eventually he did. Umar ib al- Khattab and Uthman ibn ‘Affan succeded as the 2 nd and 3 rd caliph before Ali was elected as 4 th . Aisha, a wife of the prophet opposed to Ali caliphate. This dispute led to the Battle of the Camel in 656 when Aisha was defeated bu t the opposition to Ali’s had already strengthened. Ali also had to dispute his ruling against the governor of Damascus, Mu’awiya in the Battle of Siffin in 657. Ali and Mu’awiya decided to settle with arbitrator after Muslims could no battle against Muslim brothers. The Kharijites, a group of Ali’s followers, opposed this settlement claiming that Allah is the only one who decides, they killed Ali in a mosque in Kufa, Iraq. After several defeats, the descendants now reside in North Africa, Oman and Zanzibar.
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