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Intro to World Religions 2_13_13

Intro to World Religions 2_13_13 - Jainism Ancient Indian...

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Jainism Ancient Indian religion that emphasizes non-violence and the ascetic life It began in the 6 th century at the same time of Buddhism It derived its name from the Jinas It incorporates traditional Hindu concepts of Karma and reincarnation but rejects Veda scriptures, casts and the idea of a creator god The goal life is to reach liberation by a life of purification and discipline taught by the TIRTHANKARAS Founded in Eastern India in 550 BC by Mahavira The text = teachings of Mahavira Spiritual leaders are monks and the worship in temples Theism = polytheism and pantheism Afterlife = repeated reincarnation until liberation View of the human being as a composite of spirit and matter Six duties: venerating teachers, renouncing certain foods or activities Shinto No founders and no official sacred scriptures, no fixed crred. The word Shinto comes from the Chinese shin tao, meaning the way of Kami Came into use to distinguish indigenous Japanese from Buddhism
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