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CROMOSOMAL ABNORMALITY - Albert Cohen(Cohen 1955 in a work...

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CROMOSOMAL ABNORMALITY In normal males then so called sex chromosomes consist of an XY pattern (normal females have XX ). Some individuals have been found to have an abnormal pattern consisting of an XYY pattern. This XYY pattern has been reffered to as "supermaleness" and has been show to be a pattern that occurs more commonlyin criminal populations. SOCIOLOGICAL THEORIES Clifford Shaw (Shaw 1929) published a work entitled Delinquent Areas in 1929. In his work Shaw demonstate that crime and delinquency is unevenly distributed in geographical areas. Shaw found that areas with high rates of delinquency were characterized with overcrowded housing, deteriorating buildings, and other physical and social qualities. These qualities are typically assocaited with decaying urban neighborhoods.
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Unformatted text preview: Albert Cohen (Cohen 1955) in a work called Delinquent Boys, Corhen argues that delinquent behavior results from individuals acquiring (through the socialization process) a set of norms and values which encourage and condone delinquent behavior. These norms and values are part of the delinquent subculture. Edwin H. Sutherland (Sutherland 1950). Sutherland is noted for developing the concept of "differential association." Summary of Differential Association The likelihood that an individual will engage in Delinquent Behavior is directly related to the degree and frequency with which that individual associates with other individuals who engage in Delinquent Behavior....
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