Definitions of Devianc1 - • Harm-relevant but not...

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Definitions of Deviance Problematic, yet "taken-for-granted" definitions: Absolutist: pure essentialism. Certain behaviors, identities, and modes of thought are "naturally" deviant; everywhere, and across time. Deviance is conceptualized as an objectively real characteristic found in "things," and can be located and studied through a positivist approach. Statistical--relevant, but not sufficient. The idea here is that those behaviors, identities, and modes of thought which rarely occur are deviant (based on the statistical conception of the "normal curve").
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Unformatted text preview: • Harm--relevant, but not sufficient. Are all harmful behaviors and thoughts deviant? Are there forms of deviance that aren't harmful? • Criminal--relevant, but not sufficient. Are there criminal acts that wouldn't be defined as deviant? Are there forms of deviance that are criminal? • Positive Deviance? This is an extrapolation of the statistical definition, and shares elements of the "harm" criteria. If we use the idea that deviance entails a negative reaction, and consequences for the deviant, then is positive deviance a useful concept?...
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