Emile Durkheim - 5 Marx said" Religion is the sigh of...

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Emile Durkheim's View on Religion: The Elementary Forms of Religious Life (1915) 1. Viewed religion as a reflection of society. 2. Religion functioned to bring about social cohesion (holding the group together) (folk society) 3. Religious beliefs and rituals function to restrain deviant behavior and bring about conformity to existing normative structure (heaven = rreward) (hell = punishment) 4. Religion functions to provide a vehicle through which cultural traditions and values are transmitted from generation to gereration (religious beliefs make cultural values sacred) Karl Marx's Views on Religion: 1. Viewed religion as a reflection of society. 2. Marx felt that primitive religion arose from the ignorance of preliterate peoples of natural processes. 3. In complex societies the dominant ideas would tend to legitimize the interests of the ruling class. (The Divine Right of Kings). 4. Marx felt religion was used to exploit the masses of people
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Unformatted text preview: 5. Marx said: " Religion is the sigh of the oppressed creature, the sentiment of a heartless world and the soul of soulless conditions. It is the opium of the people. The abolition of religion and the illusory happiness of men is a demand for thei real happiness." Marx Webers Views on Religion: The Protestant Ethnic and the Spirit of Capitalism (1905) 1. Saw a strong connection between religious values and economic value. 2. Weber differed from Marx and Durkheim in that he thought that religious values tend to influence and shape the social structure rather than reflect it. 3. Weber maintained that the value system of Protestantism formed the framework upon which capitalism was developed. 4. "The Protestant Ethnic"- work hard, save money, get ahead; "Righteous and good Christians live frugally." "Amen"...
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