Formal Organizations

Formal Organizations - people tend to resist being a part...

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Formal Organizations Formal organizations include churches, clubs, schools, armies, colleges, the IRS, and hospitals. A. Characteristics of Formal Organizations Characteristics of formal organizations include: 1. Impersonal interaction among group members. 2. As groups grow in size, they make objectives explicit in writing (e.g., they become more formal). 3. Formal organizations are created to work toward specified goals. When they meet goals, the individual moves on. B. Three Types of Formal Organizations There are three types of formal organizations according to Amitai Etzioni (1961). 1. Coercive Organizations Coercive organizations rely on force to achieve order. Force is necessary because
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Unformatted text preview: people tend to resist being a part of the organization. Examples are prisons and mental hospitals (see Appelbaum and Chambliss, 1997:88). 2. Utilitarian Organizations Utilitarian organizations see individuals conforming to organization standards because organizations pay them to be a part of that organization. Of course, most jobs are utilitarian (see Appelbaum and Chambliss, 1997:88). 3. Normative Organizations Normative organizations are based on a shared moral commitment. People conform to the organizations standards out of a positive sense of obligation. Normative organizations include political parties, religious organizations, and fraternities (see Appelbaum and Chambliss, 1997:88)....
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This note was uploaded on 11/09/2011 for the course SCIE SYG2000 taught by Professor Bernhardt during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.

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