Forms of Collective Behavior

Forms of Collective Behavior - 1 Panics A panic is a...

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Forms of Collective Behavior A. Riots A riot is a prolonged outbreak of violent behavior by a large group of people that is directed against people and property . They are spontaneous, but are motivated by a conscious set of concerns. During a riot conventional norms are suspended and replaced by other norms developed by the group (Appelbaum and Chambliss, 1997:425). B. Fads and Fashion 1. Fads Fads are temporary, highly imitated outbreaks of mildly unconventional behavior (Appelbaum and Chambliss, 1997:425). Fads can include "the grunge look," wearing Levis with holes in the knees, or cramming people into a phone booth. 2. Fashion A fashion is a somewhat long-lasting style of imitative behavior or appearance . (Appelbaum and Chambliss, 1997:425). A fashion reflects a tension between people's desires to be different and their desire to conform. It's very success undermines its attractiveness, so the eventual fate of all fashions is to become unfashionable. C. Panic and Crazes
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Unformatted text preview: 1. Panics A panic is a massive flight from something that is feared . The 1938 radio show "War or the Worlds" is an example (Appelbaum and Chambliss, 1997:426). 2. Craze A craze is an intense attraction to an object, person, or activity (Appelbaum and Chambliss, 1997:426). An example is the cases where people flock to a region where someone is said to have seen a deity's face. D. Rumors Rumors are unverified information that is transmitted informally , usually originating in an unknown source (Appelbaum and Chambliss, 1997:426). Example: Allport & Postman (1947) A white student is asked to study a photograph with one man menacing another. The student describes the picture to another who passes the information on to a third and so forth. At some point the information being passed along begins to reflect the commonly held beliefs of the students. As the information spread, the message came to reflect a picture when a black man was menacing a white man, but in fact the opposite was true....
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