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Hirschi - crime and those background or"distant"...

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Hirschi's Social Control Theory (Diane DeMelo files) (Social Bonding) Individuals are "naturally" unrestrained. Social reality of the Group: Control is acquired through group association, and control is necessary for group survival- therefore individual survival. The reality of the Social Bond Internal Control: 1. Belief: socialization, internalization. External Control: 1. Involvement: time factor 2. Commitment: stake in society, something to lose 3. Attachment: role models, someone you don't want to let down. A General Theory of Crime: Self-Control Theory (see, Goode, 2007) 1990 - Gottfredson & Hirschi's General Theory of Crime (part of a student prtesentation at another university) Force or fraud in pursuit of self-interest Applies to any and all crimes and includes 'sin', or a variety of self indulgent actions i.e. smoking or being a couch potato Stresses the factors present in the immediate or "proximate" situation of the criminal action that determine or influence its enactment,
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Unformatted text preview: crime , and those background or "distant" factors that determine or influence the tendency to commit crime, criminality . • The origin of crime is low self-control , which results from inadequate, ineffective, and inconsistent socialization by parents early in childhood. • Criminal acts provided immediate and easy or simple gratification of desires and are exciting, risky, or thrilling • Since crime entails "the pursuit of immediate pleasure, people lacking in self control will also tend to pursue immediate pleasures that are not criminal." • It is self control that determines social control Critique of Anomie ( strain) Theory: • Crime is an impulsive act which provides immediate, short-term, and rather skimpy rewards • Criminals lack the skills, diligence and persistence necessary for the deviant "adaptations" • Does not explain the incidence, or rate of criminal behavior as a whole, since most of it is petty, compulsive and immediate...
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