Hirschi - crime , and those background or...

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Hirschi's Social Control Theory (Diane DeMelo files) (Social Bonding) Individuals are "naturally" unrestrained. Social reality of the Group: Control is acquired through group association, and control is necessary for group survival- therefore individual survival. The reality of the Social Bond Internal Control: 1. Belief: socialization, internalization. External Control: 1. Involvement: time factor 2. Commitment: stake in society, something to lose 3. Attachment: role models, someone you don't want to let down. A General Theory of Crime: Self-Control Theory (see, Goode, 2007) 1990 - (part of a student prtesentation at another university) Force or fraud in pursuit of self-interest Applies to any and all crimes and includes 'sin', or a variety of self indulgent actions i.e. smoking or being a couch potato Stresses the factors present in the immediate or "proximate" situation of the criminal action that determine or influence its enactment,
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Unformatted text preview: crime , and those background or "distant" factors that determine or influence the tendency to commit crime, criminality . The origin of crime is low self-control , which results from inadequate, ineffective, and inconsistent socialization by parents early in childhood. Criminal acts provided immediate and easy or simple gratification of desires and are exciting, risky, or thrilling Since crime entails "the pursuit of immediate pleasure, people lacking in self control will also tend to pursue immediate pleasures that are not criminal." It is self control that determines social control Critique of Anomie ( strain) Theory: Crime is an impulsive act which provides immediate, short-term, and rather skimpy rewards Criminals lack the skills, diligence and persistence necessary for the deviant "adaptations" Does not explain the incidence, or rate of criminal behavior as a whole, since most of it is petty, compulsive and immediate...
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This note was uploaded on 11/09/2011 for the course SCIE SYG2000 taught by Professor Bernhardt during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.

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