II - II. A. The Functionalist Perspective The origins of...

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II. The Functionalist Perspective The origins of the functionalist perspective can be traced to the work of Herbert Spencer and Emile Durkheim . The problem of maintaining social order is a central problem for understanding society . Understanding society from a functionalist perspective is to visualize society as a system of interrelated parts. All the parts act together even though each part may be doing different things . Institutions, such as family, education, and religion are the parts of the social system and they act to bring about order in society. Integration of the various parts is important. When all the "parts" of the system work together, balance is maintained and the over all order of the system is achieved. Social structures in society promote integration , stability , consensus , and balance . A. A System With Parts The parts of society, while performing different functions, work together to maintain the stability of the whole social system. In order to understand the idea of "social system
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II - II. A. The Functionalist Perspective The origins of...

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