Labeling - (looking-glass-self • Career Goffman Diverse...

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Labeling: Mental disorder is a designation, a definition of a state of mind that produces behavior that is an adaptation to the social environment-based on a variety of factors: Contingencies Not always objective, but subjective judgment Not a disease, but a judgment based on extra-psychiatric factors Hard Labeling (Scheff): Residual Deviance Behavior violates social norms No specific category to fit Leads to label (act weird==> crazy) Many sources/causes Most normalized, denied, transitory Many violate, few labeled Some persist==> Career Learn norms and stereotypes--childhood, constantly reinforced in EDL (D. Phillips and help seeking behavior When labeled; Rewards and Punishments for conforming to label or not Suggestibility: may not fight label, convenience, relieves anxiety, safety
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Unformatted text preview: (looking-glass-self) • Career: Goffman: Diverse individuals processed through institutional structures end up as uniform in social status and self-concept. Modified labeling • Yes, there is a problem, but labeling and stigma are a part of it. • Anticipation of negativity can lead to behavior • More distant the relationship--more likely the label: Intimacy- H/W and resistance • Access to other resources o Etiology and/or Social Reaction Good reason for objective definitions, and treatments often work Yet, this doesn't negate the extra-psychiatric factors Troublesomeness Voluntary and involuntary admission and discharge Cultural Conceptions: • Classic case-uniformity in diagnosis • Less clear-USA 85%-schizophrenia vs 7% British...
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