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Social Change and Control

Social Change and Control - delinquent behavior of their...

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Social Change and Control Myth of the "New Female Offender" Social Control and Gender 1. Formal Control: difficulty in comparison, yet does not appear to be overt differentiation in conviction and sentencing. 2. Informal Control: Interesting. Women held to more exacting standards. Heavy stigma for violations. (See Cooper, "On Rejecting 'Feminity'" and Rosenbaum and Chesney-Lind, "Appearance and Delinquency" in Pontell.) Victimization: Women's role a victims in crime, especially Rape and Domestic Violence. Explaining Female Deviance: Hagan's Power-Control Theory Attempt to explain differential rates of deviance related to gender and social class. Hagan's view is that crime and delinquency rates are a function of two factors: (1) class position (power) and (2) family function (control). The link between these two variables is that within the family, parents reproduce the power relationships they hold in the workplace. (Siegel, 1992: 269) Parent's class position, as defined through their work experiences, influences the
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Unformatted text preview: delinquent behavior of their children. When fathers occupy the traditional role of sole breadwinner and mothers have only menial jobs or remain at home to handle domestic affairs, the paternalistic or patriarchal family is indicated. Here the father's experience of control over others or being controlled is reproduced in the household. His focus is directed outward towards his instrumental responsibilities, while the mother is left in charge of the children, especially their daughters. Sons are granted greater freedom as they are prepared for the traditional male role symbolized by their fathers. Daughters are socialized into the cult of domesticity under the close supervision of their mothers, preparing them for lives oriented towards domestic labor and consumption; while sons are encouraged and allowed to "experiment" and take risks. Daughters in this scenario are closely monitored so that participation in deviant or delinquent activity is unlikely....
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