Social Disorganization and the Chicago School In the early and mid-1900s the Chicago school emerged and shifted the emphasis away from individual pathology to social structure. It represented an attempt to uncover the complex relationship between deviance and neighborhood . The Chicago School discovered the highest rates of deviance in neighborhoods that were considered transitional in that there was a lot of in-0 and out-migration . According to the Chicago perspective, entire neighborhoods had become disorganized. The transitional neighborhood where one would expect to find deviance according to the Chicago school has the following characteristics: 1. They are neighborhoods where immigrants first came. 2. The population is geographically unstably. There is rapid movement of populations into and out of the transitional neighborhood . 3. The transitional neighborhoods contain a variety of racial and ethnic groups . 4.
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