SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS

SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS - exhibited by middle and upper status...

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SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS SES is the most frequently studied: indicators measuring socioeconomic status are income, occupational prestige, and education. Mental disorder is very closely related to socioeconomic status: the higher the SES, the lower the rate of mental disorder; the lower the SES, the higher the rate of mental disorder. People at the bottom of the class ladder are far more likely to suffer from psychiatric distress, especially schizophrenia, than those at the top. There are a few mental disorders that are more common toward the top of the class structure, such as obsessive-compulsive neuroses and some mood disorders, but the most serious illnesses, especially schizophrenia, are most common toward the bottom of the class structure. WHY? Types of disorder The kinds of disorder exhibited by lower-status persons are more likely to come to the attention of the authorities than the kinds of disorders
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Unformatted text preview: exhibited by middle and upper status persons. • Lower-status persons are less likely to attribute their problems to a psychiatric condition, since they are more likely to feel that some stigma adheres to consultation with a "shrink" or being committed to a mental hospital. Hence, they are less likely to seek out psychiatric assistance voluntarily. • Lower-status persons are most likely to come to the attention of psychiatric authorities as a result of referral by the police or a social worker. This explanation does not say that lower-SES persons are more mentally disordered than middle and upper SES persons overall so much as it focuses on how certain conditions, differentially distributed by social class, intersect with the social structure. Constructionist Explanation...
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This note was uploaded on 11/09/2011 for the course SCIE SYG2000 taught by Professor Bernhardt during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.

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