Spitzer, a critic of Rosenhan's argues exactly the reverse: the fact that these patients were discharged "in remission" or free from any signs of mental illness, indicates that the psychiatric profession is able to detect mental disorder because the psychiatrists who discharged the pseudo patients "all acted rationally as to use a discharged category that is rarely used with real schizophrenic patients". Spitzer admits, "there are serious problems with psychotic diagnosis, as there are with other medical diagnosis. However, diagnosis is not so poor that it cannot be an aid in the treatment of the seriously disturbed psychiatric patient". Thus, a correct interpretation of "On Being Sane in Insane Places" contradicts the author's conclusions. "In the setting of a psychiatric hospital, psychiatrists are remarkably able to distinguish the 'sane' from the 'insane' ." Drugs and the Pharmacological Revolution Depopulation of mental hospitals CHEMICAL TREATMENT OF MENTAL DISORDER • In 1952 in France, and in the United States in 1954 the first anti-
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