State and Government

State and Government - State and Government Our focus to...

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State and Government Our focus to date has been on issues concerning social class. Social classes, however, are not the only power contenders in society. The state plays an increasingly important role in the political arena. Despite the fact that the state is a rather recent historical development , it has emerged to become "the main source of social authority, successfully claiming a monopoly on the legitimate use of force in a given territory " (Robertson, 1989:331). The state is not the same as government. The state is an impersonal authority . Government , on the other hand, refers to the people who happen to be charged with directing the power of the state at any given time . Measuring the Increasing Power of the State In order to demonstrate the growth in the power of the state, one might like to look at not only the absolute growth in dollars spent by the state, but also at the proportion of GNP of a nation controlled by the state. In modern societies (1989:331) the power of the state expands not only in size, but it broadens its scope as it comes to regulate more aspects of social life, such as welfare, education, transportation, scientific research, economic planning. A. Functionalist Theories of the State Robertson (1989:332) points out that the overarching concept which underlies all functionalist explanations of the state pertains the state's role in the preservation of social order. 1. Enforcement of Norms
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This note was uploaded on 11/09/2011 for the course SCIE SYG2000 taught by Professor Bernhardt during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.

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State and Government - State and Government Our focus to...

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