The concept of white

The concept of white - A Occupational Crime Occupational...

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The concept of white-collar crime draws attention to definitions of deviance which are determined by the powerful. Edwin Sutherland initially coined the term "white-collar crime" in order to point out weaknesses in typical crime theory that considered social pathology as the primary explanation behind criminal behavior . White-collar crime refers to crimes that are committed by "respectable people" during the course of their occupation . Crimes which are considered white-collar include embezzling, price fixing, insider buying, fraud, falsification of expense accounts (or other records), and theft of materials. This category of crime casts doubt on the notion that poverty breads crime . Types of White-Collar Crime Appelbaum and Chambliss (1997:117) call attention to two types of white-collar crime.
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Unformatted text preview: A. Occupational Crime Occupational crime occurs when crimes are committed to promote personal interests . Crimes that fall into this category include altering books by accountants and overcharging or cheating clients by lawyers. B. Organizational or Corporate Crime A much more costly type of white collar crime occurs when corporate executives commit criminal acts to benefit their company . There are a variety of corporate crimes that include • the creation of inferior products, • pollution, • price fixing. • tobacco companies that add nicotine to cigarettes • when companies advertise food as "lite" when it has as many calories as regular food....
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