The process of learning criminal behavior by association with criminal and anticriminal patterns inv

The process of - • We tend to associate with groups or individuals who reward our behavior • Individuals engage in behavior receive rewards and

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o The process of learning criminal behavior by association with criminal and anticriminal patterns involves all of the mechanisms that are involved in any other learning. While criminal behavior is an expression of general needs and values, it is not explained by those general needs and values, since non criminal behavior is an expression of the same needs and values. As one learns a preponderance of definitions favorable to deviance (Norm violation), one will be more likely to engage in deviance . Modifications to Differential Association Daniel Glaser: Differential Identificatio n Not all learning is face-to-face Modern technology and communication Ronald Akers: Differential Reinforcement Learning involves the application of rewards and punishments.
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Unformatted text preview: • We tend to associate with groups or individuals who reward our behavior. • Individuals engage in behavior, receive rewards and then repeat behavior. • We learn to define those behaviors which are rewarded as positive. Gresham Sykes and David Matza: Drift • Some include this approach in as a "Control theory." • Deviance and conformity are not two separate worlds. • Individuals are neither purely deviant or purely conformist. • We drift in and out of deviance, each successive drift may not take us very far, but we are drifting deeper into deviant worlds. • Throughout the process we encounter "forks in the road, decision points, and varieties of deviant groups/subcultures....
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This note was uploaded on 11/09/2011 for the course SCIE SYG2000 taught by Professor Bernhardt during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.

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