The Smallest Level of

The Smallest Level of - The Smallest Level of Social...

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The Smallest Level of Social Organization: Dyads The dyad is the smallest level of organization that exists. Dyads consist of two people . Interaction is very personal and intimate. require continuing active participation and commitment of both members People make up rules during the interaction . are the most unstable of social groups A unique feature of dyads is that each individual in the dyad has total veto power over any aspect of the relationship (Appelbaum and Chambliss, 1997:84). Groups A. General Characteristics of Groups 1. A Group Consists of People Who Interact and Form Social Patterns A group is at least one person larger than a dyad. It has three or more people. Groups are different from dyads in that they depend less on the individual actor for continuity. 2. Increases in Size Equals Loss of Freedom As the group grows in numbers, the individual freedom of any particular member is de- emphasized . Furthermore, as the group grows in size, more emphasis is put on the well-being of the group. 3. Interaction Reaffirms Social Patterns Groups depend on interaction to affirm and reaffirm social patterns . The strength of patterns in the group depends on the history of the interaction. Usually, the longer the group exists, the stronger the bonds become. 4. Groups Contribute to Larger Organization Social organization at the "formal level" is sufficiently large that continuous interaction among all actors is impossible. Even in large organizations interaction between individuals still occurs in small groups. The interaction of small groups within the frame work of larger organizations reaffirms the social patterns of the larger social organizations. 5. Groups Define Reality for the Individual The group's definition of reality is a pattern that the individual assumes. The individual forms expectations about the world through group involvement. One learns within the group what the important issues are and the guide lines (the rules) that the group expects you to live by. The Asch Line Experiment
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This note was uploaded on 11/09/2011 for the course SCIE SYG2000 taught by Professor Bernhardt during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.

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The Smallest Level of - The Smallest Level of Social...

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