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Useful - vs Discreditable predictability to social...

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Useful, Sociological Definitions of Deviance: Normative: essentialism, but relativity Deviance equals norm violation. Norms do vary. Assumes--objective reality of norms, they exist "out there" and have a force over us (socialization and internalization). Assumes--Consensus within a given society Assumes--smooth operation and uniform application of norms Problems: exceptions and contingencies Reactive: constructionism and relativity Deviance equals a judgment, application of a sanction, entails consequences. Defining norm violation as a social construction. Not the act per se, not simple norm violation, but specific individuals engaged in specific acts seen by specific others--and condemnation. Problems--secret deviance, i.e. is there some consensus?==>Discredited
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Unformatted text preview: vs. Discreditable, predictability to social responses==>Stigma. Also, need to take the Victim into account. "Soft" (modified) Reactive • Probability • Norms as inference; their existence is gleaned from social response. • Societal versus Situational deviance • Self-Labeling • Process: Negotiated Reality So, We need to focus on: • Deviant to whom? • Dominant Moral Codes • How many consider it deviant? • POWER • Intensity of response • Relativity 1. Actor: who is it, status violations 2. Audience: Actor, Victim, Peers, Subculture, Official Agents of Social Control, Wider Society, Other Societies, Historical Societies. 3. Situation: Temporal and Spatial...
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