This preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.
This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.View Full Document
Unformatted text preview: are pulled upward and forward causing further increase in the volume of the thoracic cavity. As a result fresh air flows along the branching airways into the alveoli until the alveolar pressure equals to the pressure at the airway opening. EXPIRATION: Expiration is a passive event due to elastic recoil of the lungs. However, when a great deal of air has to be removed quickly, as in exercise, or when the airways narrow excessively during expiration, as in asthma, the internal intercostal muscles and the anterior abdominal muscles contract and accelerate expiration by raising pleural pressure. COUPLING OF THE LUNGS AND THE CHEST WALL: The lungs are not directly attached to the chest wall but they change their volume and shape according to the changes in shape and volume of the thoracic cavity. Pleura covering the surfaces of the lungs (visceral) or the thoracic cavity (parietal) together with a thin (20 m) layer of liquid between them create a liquid coupling....
View Full Document