VIII Strength of Will - VIII Strength of Will: Descriptive...

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VIII Strength of Will: Descriptive Issues AINSLIE’S EIGHT MARKS OF THE WILL 1. A new force in addition to desires etc. 2. Throws its strength on the weaker side. (or perhaps it can) 3. Unites actions under a common rule. (?) 4. Strengthened by repetition 5. Very vulnerable to nonrepetition 6. Requires no diversion of attention 7 Doesn’t normally depend on each single choice, except where stakes are very high. 8. Tendency of failure in one sphere to spill into others is variable. WHY DO WE EXHIBIT WEAKNESS OF WILL? Exponential and Hyperbolic discounting. $100 now or $120 in a year’s time; $100 in ten year’s time or $120 in eleven year’s time. From pigeons to people (though non-humans are not good at delaying reward). Hyperbolic discounting is, in some sense, irrational. Hyperbolic discounting is probably also involved in what we might call one more won’t hurt reasoning: One more won’t hurt You are a smoker, currently smoking forty cigarettes a day. You believe that this is very bad for
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This note was uploaded on 11/08/2011 for the course BIOLOGY BSC1086L taught by Professor Leostouder during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.

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VIII Strength of Will - VIII Strength of Will: Descriptive...

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