Torture-Is+It+Ever+Ethical+Organizer+2016+Dealworks.docx -...

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OrganizerPart I: Resource CompanionInstructions: Complete this section of the Organizer as you are exploring the resourcesto take notes on each philosopher’s ideas and how they might apply to the issue oftorture.Using your own words, respond to the following questions.1.Michael Sandel identifies two types of moral reasoning. What are they? Brieflydescribe each.The two types of moral reasoning identified by Michael Sandel in his video lectureare Consequentialist and Categorical Moral reasoning.
[ CITATION Micna \l 1033 ]2.What is the “principle of utility” according to Mill? Explain what Mill means by“utilitarianism.” According to Sandel’s lecture, which type of moral reasoning,does Mill’s utilitarianism use?
on Mill’s “Utilitarianism”. Crisp states that utilitarianism is used by Mill as aphilosophical theory to mean well-being and what makes life good forpeople. According to him, the usage of the term does not necessary refer tothe normal usage in the sense of the word which means useful[CITATIONCFA1 \l 1033 ]In Sandel’s lecture [ CITATION Micna \l 1033 ] the kind of moral reasonwhich Mill’s utilitarianism uses is the consequential moral reasoning. As youcan see, the principle of utilitarianism focuses on maximizing happiness forthe greater number which is the exact thing with consequential moralreasoning; which is by far the greater good for the greater number.3.Define the terms “categorical and “imperative.”

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