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Unformatted text preview: Classical, or Reductionist Phenomenalism This alternative to direct realism involves two claims. First, all justified beliefs about external objects are inferentially justified on the basis of justified beliefs about present and past sensory experiences . Secondly, sentences about physical objects can be analyzed in terms of sentences - including counterfactual sentences - that refer to nothing other than minds and sensory experiences. ("Physical objects are nothing over and above actual and possible sensory experiences.") Classical phenomenalism, in short, treats physical objects as theoretical entities - rather than as things that are "directly" or "immediately" observable - and offers a reductionist account of the meaning of statements referring to such theoretical entities. Indirect Realism, or Causal Realism, or the Representative Theory of Perception This second alternative to direct realism involves two claims. First, all justified beliefs about external objects are inferentially...
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This note was uploaded on 11/09/2011 for the course PHI PHI2010 taught by Professor Jorgerigol during the Fall '09 term at Broward College.
- Fall '09