Cosmological - Cosmological (First Cause) Arguments I....

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Cosmological (First Cause) Arguments I. Versions of the Argument A. The Argument from Contingency. Plato, The Laws ; Aristotle, Metaphysics (Book Lambda), al-Farabi, ibn Rushd, ibn Sina (Avicenna), Aquinas, Copleston, Mortimer Adler, Norman Geisler, Koons. Contingent existents require a cause for their existence. This chain of causation must terminate in a first cause, that exists of necessity. B. The Argument from the Principle of Suficient Reason. Leibniz, S. Clarke, R. Taylor. For every truth, there must be a sufficient reason or explanation that answers the question: why is this true? There must, therefore, be a fact that explains why something exists, rather than nothing. This fact must involve a being that exists as a matter of logical necessity, and which provides a sufficient explanation of all other facts. C. The Kalam argument. al-Ghazzali, Maimonides, William Lane Craig. Whatever begins to exist must have a cause. The whole universe of finite things had a beginning: therefore, it must have had an infinite, eternal cause. II. Contemporary Evaluations
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This note was uploaded on 11/09/2011 for the course PHI PHI2010 taught by Professor Jorgerigol during the Fall '09 term at Broward College.

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Cosmological - Cosmological (First Cause) Arguments I....

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