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Critique of the Cosmological Argument

Critique of the Cosmological Argument - Critique of the...

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Critique of the Cosmological Argument: Kant Kant's Critique of the Ontological Argument Immanuel Kant, in his Critique of Pure Reason , offered some of the most influential criticisms of the classical proofs of God's existence. As we shall see, in many respects Kant builds his critique of dogmatic theology on the earlier arguments of Hume, whom Kant credited with "waking" him from his "dogmatic slumber". The most original aspect of Kant's criticism of the cosmological argument is his attempt to establish a linkage between it and the so-called ontological argument. Consequently, we must begin by examining the ontological proof and Kant's critique of it. The ontological argument was first developed by Anselm of Canterbury, a 12th century cleric and philosopher. Philosophers and scholars have found several distinct threads in Anselm's work. A simplified version of one of Anselm's proofs was very popular in the early modern period (17th and 18th centuries), when it was used by Descartes, Spinoza and Leibniz, to mention a few.
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