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Unformatted text preview: Dialectic: The dialectic is a method of testing claims to knowledge or proposed analyses of concepts. Interlocutor proposes a definition or analysis. Socrates raises objection or offers counter examples. The interlocutor reformulates his position to handle the objection. Socrates raises a more refined objection. Socrates uses the dialectic to discredit others claims to knowledge. While revealing the ignorance of his interlocutors, Socrates also shows how to make progress towards more adequate knowledge. Soc. offers only 2 options, complete knowledge or ignorance. But perhaps we can identify a third alternative: limited or partial knowledge. Plato accepts the rationalist standard for knowledge and thinks knowledge can be attained, but not easily. Real knowledge is knowledge of abstract, eternal unchanging “forms” (properties, or concepts: physical things are just cheap copies of ideal forms in “Plato's heaven”). (properties, or concepts: physical things are just cheap copies of ideal forms in “Plato's heaven”)....
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This note was uploaded on 11/09/2011 for the course PHI PHI2010 taught by Professor Jorgerigol during the Fall '09 term at Broward College.
- Fall '09