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Do Effects Necessitate Their Causes

Do Effects Necessitate Their Causes - Do Effects...

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Do Effects Necessitate Their Causes? In suggesting that effects necessitate their causes, I am talking about necessitation at the level of tokens, not types. For example, the particular event-token that was Caesar's death necessitates the existence of all of its token-causes, including the particular event of Brutus's knife-thrust. This does not mean that the type death-of-Caesar necessitates the type stabbing-by-Brutus. Caesar could have died in many different ways, only a few of which include a knife thrust on the part of Brutus. Nonetheless, the particular token-event that is Caesar's actual death could not have been had the particular token that was Brutus's knife-thrust had not preceded it. I will mention here three reasons for thinking that effects do necessitate their causes. First, there is the phenomenon of the fixity of the past. We do not deliberate about the past, or consider how we may influence it. We do not do so even when we are ignorant about the past. Even if I do not know who won yesterday's sea battle, I know that it is too late now for me to do anything about it. This suggests that the particular token that is my present situation necessitates all of its causal
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