Ethics:Augustine’s primary moral concern is with the human happiness. Happiness, according to Augustine is to be identified with knowing and loving God. As with Aristotle and Plato, Augustine’s conception of the good life is the life of contemplation and rational understanding. But in Aristotle at least, the good life is a matter of functioning in accordance with human nature. For Augustine, it is knowledge and love of the supernatural that yields happiness. The person is incomplete in the natural world. Merely functioning well in nature is not sufficient for human happiness. Rather we must seek happiness by going beyond the natural world.Love plays a central role in Augustine’s ethical theory. He identifies four kinds of things that people can love. These are physical objects, other people, themselves and God. In contrast with the Manichaen’s Augustine denied the existence of evil. Since all things are created by God and God is good, all things must themselves be good. So all of the things we can love are
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