Is Memory Primary in the Justification of Beliefs about the Past

Is Memory Primary in the Justification of Beliefs about the Past

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Is Memory Primary in the Justification of Beliefs about the Past? What role does memory play in the justification of our beliefs about the past? First, if we assume  for the moment that skepticism is wrong, and we do have knowledge of, or at least justified  beliefs about, the past, then it is clear, given the different sources of our beliefs about the past just  set out, that it is not true that whenever one has knowledge of some past event, one remembers   that event. For, in the first place, there are many past events that one does not oneself remember,  but about which one has justified beliefs, because of the testimony of others. In the second place,  one has justified beliefs about many events that no one remembers, since one can establish that  certain scientific laws obtain, and then use those laws to determine what happened in the past,  including both events were observed, but of which no one now has any memory, and events that  no one ever observed. But secondly, even if one can have justified beliefs about past events of which one has no  memories, it might well be held that all justified beliefs about the past are either of events that 
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Is Memory Primary in the Justification of Beliefs about the Past

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