Knowledge, and Memory Thoughts Versus Memory BeliefsThere is, however, a further question that needs to be addressed here - namely, whether there is an epistemological difference between memory thoughts and memory beliefs. If one is attracted to a foundationalist approach to the justification of belief, one is also likely to be attracted to the view that the foundational beliefs are beliefs about objects with which one is directly acquainted, objects that are immediately given. If so, then one is likely to conclude that memory thoughts must be foundational with regard to the justification of beliefs about the past, since thoughts are states of consciousness, and so are immediately given, whereas memory beliefs need not be objects of immediate awareness.On reflection, however, this view seems deeply problematic. For on any given occasion, one is
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