Maimonides - Maimonides Moses Maimonides was the greatest Jewish philosopher of the medieval period While living in Spain Maimonides was exposed to

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Maimonides Moses Maimonides was the greatest Jewish philosopher of the medieval period. While living in Spain, Maimonides was exposed to the Aristotelian philosophy of al-Farabi, ibn Sina and others. Unlike the Arab Aristotelians, Maimonides was convinced that the world was created at a particular point in the past. He rejected the thesis that time and motion are eternal. However, unlike the theologians of the Kalam school (such as al-Ghazali), Maimonides did not reject Aristotle's philosophy. In particular, he sought to modify Aristotle's cosmological argument in such a way as to make it compatible with creation in time. Maimonides lists 26 basic principles of Aristotle's philosophy, and he accepts all but the last (the eternity of the world). Maimonides thought that the eternity of the universe was compatible with the Bible and the Jewish faith (since he was willing to interpret Genesis figuratively), but he believed that there were good scientific and philosophical reasons for believing in a creation in time. Rationale Maimonides gives four versions of the cosmological argument. The third proof is most interesting -- the proof of necessary being. Maimonides seeks to prove that it is impossible for every being in the world to be contingent (to be capable of non-being). He argues that if every
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This note was uploaded on 11/09/2011 for the course PHI PHI2010 taught by Professor Jorgerigol during the Fall '09 term at Broward College.

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Maimonides - Maimonides Moses Maimonides was the greatest Jewish philosopher of the medieval period While living in Spain Maimonides was exposed to

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