Rationale In my article, I use the rationale for a first cause that was first developed by ibn Sina and also created, independently, I think, by Leibniz. This is the aggregative rationale that we discussed last week. We use the aggregation axiom to construct the aggregate of all wholly contingent, actual facts, which I call C. I prove that C is itself wholly contingent, since there is no way that any necessary parts could be included in it. Consequently, my causal principle entails that C itself must have a cause. I assume that causes and effects are always separate things, with no overlap or common parts. Therefore, the cause of C must have no wholly contingent parts, or else it would overlap with C. But every contingent thing has a wholly contingent part (whatever is left over after all the necessary parts have been deleted), so the cause of C must be a necessary fact. Temporality I try to build into my argument no assumption whatsoever about the relationship between causation and time. There are several reasons for this. The main reason is that I want to avoid
This is the end of the preview.
access the rest of the document.