Skepticism and Memory Knowledge

Skepticism and Memory Knowledge - '.Applied...

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Skepticism and Memory Knowledge The general strategy underlying the skeptic's challenge to knowledge claims is familiar. Applied  to the case of beliefs about the past, it runs as follows: (1) Suppose it is granted that one knows, or is justified in believing, that one now has some  beliefs about the past, or that one is having some thoughts about the past, or enjoying some  memory images. (The skeptic may not view the first of these as by any means unproblematic,  since it, unlike the second and the third, is not a matter of knowledge of a present state of  consciousness .) The question then is how such facts about present  states of oneself can possibly  serve to justify claims about past  states of affairs. How is one ever to bridge the gulf in logical  type that exists between statements about the present and statements about the past?
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