Socrates - Socrates

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Socrates     Historical background:  Birth around 470, trial and execution in 399.  Socrates was the  first of the three major Greek philosophers; the others being Socrates’ student Plato and Plato’s  student Aristotle.  Socrates did not write anything himself.  We know of his views primarily  through Plato's dialogues where Socrates is the primary character.  Socrates is also known  through plays of Aristophanes and the historical writings of Xenophon.  In many of Plato's  dialogues it is difficult to determine when Socrates' views are being represented and when the  character of Socrates is used as a mouthpiece for Plato's views.    Socrates was well known in Athens.  He was exocentric, poor, ugly, brave, stoic and  temperate.  He was a distinguished veteran who fought bravely on Athens behalf and was  apparently indifferent to the discomforts of war.  Socrates claimed to hear a divine inner voice he  called his  daimon .  He was also prone to go into catatonic states of concentration.    The Sophists:  The conflicting views of the Ionian and Eleatic philosophers of nature 
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This note was uploaded on 11/09/2011 for the course PHI PHI2010 taught by Professor Jorgerigol during the Fall '09 term at Broward College.

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Socrates - Socrates

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