Some Possible Characteristics of Noninferential Knowledge

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Unformatted text preview: Some Possible Characteristics of Noninferential Knowledge, or of Noninferentially Justified Belief 1. Infallibility: a noninferentially justified belief cannot possibly be mistaken; 2. Objective certainty: one is justified in betting at any odds on the truth of a noninferentially justified belief; 3. Subjective certainty: One is willing to bet at any odds on the truth of a noninferentially justified belief; 4. Indubitability. When a belief is spoken of as indubitable, this can be interpreted in either a psychological sense or a logical sense. On the former interpretation, it would be a matter of its being psychologically impossible to entertain any doubts about the truth of the belief in question, and that sounds very similar to subjective certainty. On the logical interpretation, on the other hand, the idea is that if one attempts to entertain a doubt about the belief, it turns out that such a doubt is self-defeating, in the sense that one is led back to the very belief that one is attempting...
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