St - St. Augustine Augustine (354-430) was born in Tagaste,...

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St. Augustine Augustine (354-430) was born in Tagaste, Numidia in North Africa to a Christian mother and a pagen father. He received a Christian education and then moved through a succession of philosophical views before converting to Christianity. He was inspired to study philosophy by Cicero’s Hortensius . The problem of evil left him dissatisfied with Christian philosophy. He could not reconcile the existence of an omniscient, omnipotent and omni-benevolent God with the existence of evil in humans and the world. Augustine found an intellectual solution to the problem of evil in Manichaeism. Manichaeism was purported to be the synthesis of all known religions. It incorporated Zoroastrian Dualism, Babylonian folklore, Buddhist ethics and some elements of Christianity. The Persian Mani founded Manichaeism in the latter half of the third century. The theory of two eternal principles of good and evil is predominant in this fusion of ideas. In taking equal principles of light and
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This note was uploaded on 11/09/2011 for the course PHI PHI2010 taught by Professor Jorgerigol during the Fall '09 term at Broward College.

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