TELEOLOGICAL ARGUMENTS

TELEOLOGICAL ARGUMENTS - E. Irreducibly complex biological...

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TELEOLOGICAL ARGUMENTS I. William Paley's 1803 Natural Theology : the argument of the watch. Three major construals of the argument: (1) an argument by analogy/similarity (Hume), (2) theory confirmation by Bayes' theorem (Swinburne), (3) argument by statistical elimination (Dembski's "design inference") II. Various Evidences appealed to by Teleological Arguments A. The existence of simple, uniform laws of nature (or, equivalently, the existence of a small number of basic kinds of fundamental particles). B.The fine-tuning of the fundamental constants and the character of the Big Bang (the initial conditions): the so-called "anthropic coincidences". C. The fitness of the solar system and the earth as an environment for life. D. The origin of life (at almost the earliest possible moment, within about 10 million years)
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Unformatted text preview: E. Irreducibly complex biological mechanisms (Behe's Darwin's Black Box) F. Pre-adaptations. Primitive life w designed for the sake of leading to more complex forms. III. The Argument from Similarity. Hume's Cleanthes in Dialogues concerning Natural Religion . The cosmos resembles a human artefact. Therefore, the universe was created by something like a human artesan. Objections: A. There are many dissimilarities as well (e.g., huge difference in scale). B. There are many apparent defects in the design of the universe -- death & suffering. C. A dilemma: (1) if the analogy is very strong, then we would be forced to an anthropomorphic view of God (God is very much like us -- corporeal, finite, etc.), (2) if the analogy is not very strong, then we cannot draw any conclusion with certainty....
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This note was uploaded on 11/09/2011 for the course PHI PHI2010 taught by Professor Jorgerigol during the Fall '09 term at Broward College.

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