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Unformatted text preview: there is a sufficient reason that explains why that fact had to be so, rather than any other way. Many others have held that causes make their effects possible or likely, but do not bring about their effects with necessity. Someone who believes in a strong version of divine freedom must hold this view. God's essence may have inclined him to create a certain kind of world, but nothing necessitated that he do so. Some of the Arab philosophers were very explicit on this point. Holding that time is eternal but that the universe was created at a particular moment, the Arab philosophers of the Kalam tradition were faced with the problem of explaining why God created when he did, rather than earlier or later. Their answer is that nothing necessitated God's creating when he did. God's being is the cause of the existence of the world at the point in time of creation, but nothing necessitated that this effect occur at this time....
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This note was uploaded on 11/09/2011 for the course PHI PHI2010 taught by Professor Jorgerigol during the Fall '09 term at Broward College.
- Fall '09