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Unformatted text preview: The Inference to the Best Explanation This second account differs radically from the argument from analogy approach. The claim that the appropriate reasoning is a matter of inductive generalization from one's own case is rejected. It is contended, first, that one's justification for believing that others have minds does not rest upon observation of mental states in one's own case, and secondly, that the reasoning is not a matter of inductive generalization, but of what may be labeled "inference to the best explanation". The basic idea is that the theory that other physical organisms have minds is the hypothesis that best explains their behavior. The assumption that physical organisms similar to oneself have minds that stand in certain causal relations to their bodies leads one to expect those organisms to behave in certain ways. These expectations are generally fulfilled. It is then contended that there is no other hypothesis of comparable simplicity presently available that will enable one to...
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This note was uploaded on 11/09/2011 for the course PHI PHI2010 taught by Professor Jorgerigol during the Fall '09 term at Broward College.
- Fall '09