The Philosophical Act

The Philosophical Act - becoming a stranger in the midst of...

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The Philosophical Act I. The Definition of Animality "Animals are perfectly adapted to their sharply defined and delimited environment --- perfectly adapted to it, but equally, imprisoned within it." The jackdaw cannot see motionless grasshoppers. II. Definition of Spirituality A. Spirit has no environment. "The spiritual soul is meant to fit in with all reality." A relation to all of reality. Not merely quantitative: spirit has access to the essence of things. B. Highest degree of "inwardness" -- the reflective self. III. Man is not Pure Spirit, but Spiritual Animality A. Man needs an environment -- an everyday life, defined by habit and custom. B. Philosophizing is the emergence of spirit within this animality. Not by withdrawing from everyday life into a separate sphere, but by a calling-into-question of the everyday meanings and values of things. C. Philosophy begins in wonder. 1. Wonder is not the mere itch for sensation. Finding the "strangeness" of ordinary things,
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Unformatted text preview: becoming a stranger in the midst of the familiar. 2. Wonder doubt. Modern philosophy (Descartes, Hegel) begins with doubt. Throwing ordinary thought into confusion. 3. Wonder does take away "penultimate certainties", but awakens a new kind of knowledge of everyday things. Wonder culminates in joy. D. Philosophy is a form of hope. Animals have no sense of wonder (no desire for knowing as such). Neither does God, who fully possesses all knowledge. Philosophy remains in a state of hopefulness, unlike the special sciences, where the permanent achievement of knowledge is possible. Philosophy requires a special kind of humility. Pythagoreans rejected the title of "wise ones" (sophists) -- insisted that only God is wise, they are merely philo-sophers (seekers of wisdom). E. Philosophy is divine wisdom. Aquinas: "The little that is won here (in metaphysics) weighs more than all that is won in all the other sciences."...
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This note was uploaded on 11/09/2011 for the course PHI PHI2010 taught by Professor Jorgerigol during the Fall '09 term at Broward College.

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