The4 - in any relevant way. Similarly, consider the...

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The "Causal Connection" Strategy The basic idea behind the causal connection approach is that what is going wrong, in the Gettier-type cases, is that the following two things are not connected in the right way: (a) The evidence that justifies the belief in question; (b) The state of affairs in the world that makes the belief in question true. And what is the right sort of connection? Goldman's answer is: Certain sorts of causal connections. Illustration. In the "Either Jones owns a Ford or Brown is in Barcelona" example, what makes this sentence true is that Brown is, as a matter of fact, and unbeknownst to Smith, in Barcelona, whereas what makes it reasonable for Smith to believe that the sentence is true is evidence that makes it likely that Jones owns a Ford, and these two states of affairs are not causally connected
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Unformatted text preview: in any relevant way. Similarly, consider the broken-causal-chain sort of case. If the causal chain were not broken, then what makes it true that there is a piece of chalk on the table would be the cause of one's evidence that there is a piece of chalk on the table. What is the right sort of causal connection? Goldman suggests that there are two crucial patterns: Pattern 1: The state of affairs that makes the belief in question true is a cause of the evidence that one has in support of the belief. Pattern 2: The state of affairs that makes the belief true and the evidence that makes the belief reasonable have a common cause. The basic idea is that pattern 1 applies in the case of perceptual knowledge and memory knowledge, whereas pattern 2 applies in the case of knowledge of future events....
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