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Unformatted text preview: in any relevant way. Similarly, consider the broken-causal-chain sort of case. If the causal chain were not broken, then what makes it true that there is a piece of chalk on the table would be the cause of one's evidence that there is a piece of chalk on the table. What is the right sort of causal connection? Goldman suggests that there are two crucial patterns: Pattern 1: The state of affairs that makes the belief in question true is a cause of the evidence that one has in support of the belief. Pattern 2: The state of affairs that makes the belief true and the evidence that makes the belief reasonable have a common cause. The basic idea is that pattern 1 applies in the case of perceptual knowledge and memory knowledge, whereas pattern 2 applies in the case of knowledge of future events....
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- Fall '09