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Critique of Pure Reaso1

Critique of Pure Reaso1 - this kind of cosmology is said to...

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Critique of Pure Reason Lecture notes, February 26, 1997: Extent of the Universe Kant's treatment of rational cosmology is found in the Antinomy of Pure Reason. Rational cosmology for the Wolffians was the doctrine of the world in general, as it is known through reason alone. In the Wolffian scheme, God is the unique necessary being, all other possibles being contingent, in that their non-existence is possible. God is also the unique infinite being. Other possibles which can coexist together make up worlds, of which the actual world is one. The actual world is the best of all the possible worlds. Although all worlds and all their constituent beings are finite, they can be represented as infinite through mathematics. Thus the actual world is infinite in its extension. Kant's treatment of rational cosmology makes reference to these various doctrines (and others opposing them), but it does so on Kant's own terms. Reason, the basis of
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Unformatted text preview: this kind of cosmology, is said to be the faculty which brings to completion the activity of the understanding. The activity of understanding is synthetic, and synthesis is completed through the categories. Thus Kant tried to organize rational cosmology around the division of the categories. Further, the world of which rational cosmology treats is made up of synthesized appearances. In this way, the object of cosmology differs from that of psychology and theology. In the case of psychology, the object is the substratum of inner intuition, and thus not an appearance at all. In the case of theology, the object is the ground of all possibile reality, an object much too great for us to encounter in experience. Only cosmology attempts to build on principles of the understanding by attempting to bring the synthesis of appearances to completion....
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