Critique of Pure ReasonLecture notes, January 22, 1997: TimeIn the last lecture, I stated that Kant regards the necessity attached to a priorijudgments of mathematics and others as only relative necessity. That is, they are necessarily true only of a restricted range of objects, objects of experience. This notion of the restricted scope of judgments is found in a discussion of strict universality (which is supposed to be inseparable from necessity). The judgment, "All things are side-by-side in space" is false, taken in the unrestricted sense. One's own mind, for example, is not in space at all. But it holds universally for objects of outer intuition, i.e., outer appearances. One can formulate a judgment that is unrestrictely true by incorporating the limitation into the judgment. Thus Kant says, "If, now I add the condition to the conept, and say that all things, as outer appearances, are side by side in space, the rule is valid universally and without limitation" (A27/B43-4).
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