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Dialectic purports to give a positive criterion of truth

Dialectic purports to give a positive criterion of truth -...

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Dialectic purports to give a positive criterion of truth, which Kant thought to be impossible. General logic would attempt to parlay its rules into an organon, stating exactly what truths hold. Kant gives no examples of such a procedure, but he declares that it produces nothing but illusion, producing "mere talk." Transcendental logic attempts to extend the principles of the understanding beyond experience, passing judgment even "upon objects which are not given to us, any, perhaps cannot in any way be given (A63/B88). This "hyperphysical" employment of the understanding will be criticized in the long section of the Critique , the Transcendental Dialectic. The task of transcendental analytic is to "dissect" the faculty of the understanding into its elements. This complicated task is divided into two parts. The first is to show which pure concepts the understanding generates and to show by what right the
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Unformatted text preview: understanding applies them to objects. The second shows how specific principles ssociated with the pure concepts are justified. Kant lays out for "concerns" to be met in the Analytic: to show that the concepts are pure and not empirical, that they belong to the understanding, that they are fundamental, and that the system of such concepts be complete. I will devote a little time to the last concern first, because Kant's insistence on completeness and systematicity have been criticized quite severely. Kant claimed that the categories, the pure concepts of the understanding, must be generated in a systematic way, from a single principle. His reason for so insisting is that the understanding itself is a unity, so its concepts must be unitary. But this seems to be a flat-out non-sequiter . There is no reason to think that the product of something unitary must itself be unitary....
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