In actuality we define or name things by convention. Chair is defined by our community as "this example" and "this example" and "this kind of thing" and "not these kinds of things," etc. There is no giver of meaning - a dictionary writer in the sky, so to speak. There is no a priori meaning of words or boundaries of concepts. There is no platonic ideal chair. This distinction of world views (conceptualizations for language) was labeled nominalism (meaning from the convention of a group) versus essentialism (meaning from intrinsic essence) by Popper. For example, while it is relatively easy to talk about the mountains and the plains or valleys, or night and day, it is difficult to point to the exact spot in the ground or point in time where one becomes the other to everyone's satisfaction under every circumstance. This is not to say, however, that we give permission to the sophists
This is the end of the preview.
access the rest of the document.