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Unformatted text preview: time. If so, then there was a time at which it did not exist (an empty time). In an empty time there is no sufficient reason for something to come to be, since there is nothing to distinguish one empty time from another. But this conflicts with a principle which states that whatever comes to be has a sufficient reason for its existence rather than non-existence. The assumption implies that there is none, so it is false. The world has no beginning in time, but has existed from infinity. The argument for the antithesis is adapted from Leibniz, who however drew quite a different conclusion from it. He claimed that time is meaningless apart from a world of existing things. Thus he concluded not that the world has existed from infinity, but the weaker thesis that the world has no beginning in time. For Kant, however, an empty time is possible, as announced in the Aesthetic. So if there is none, infinite time is filled up....
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- Fall '09