Reductionistic predictions

Reductionistic predictions - nature and the integration of...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Reductionistic predictions, control, synthesis or explanation relate changes at one  level (e.g., a pigeon pecking) to antecedent changes at a more reductionistic level  (e.g., the brain), while Correlative explanations relate changes at one level (e.g., a  pigeon pecking) to antecedent changes at that same level (e.g., reinforcement  history). Classes of explanation are discussed in Chapter 1 Section III. D.  Science could be seen as the documentation of the relationships between changes in  nature and the development of a general model of that covariance. The science of  psychology is therefore the documentation of the relationship between changes in 
Background image of page 1
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: nature and the integration of those relationships into a coherent psychological paradigm. The question "why" is directed to change, the answer to "why" or "knowledge," is covariance within some paradigm. Additionally, general knowledge is wanted. Rather than to predict a single instance, we want to predict general classes of relationships. In that regard, when you look at a particular behavior in response to a particular event, you should see an instantiation of a general process. It is not that Johnny jumped, and then got candy, and then jumped again; but rather, that a behavior was reinforced....
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 11/09/2011 for the course PSY PSY2012 taught by Professor Scheff during the Fall '09 term at Broward College.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online