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Reductionistic predictions

Reductionistic predictions - nature and the integration of...

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Reductionistic predictions, control, synthesis or explanation relate changes at one  level (e.g., a pigeon pecking) to antecedent changes at a more reductionistic level  (e.g., the brain), while Correlative explanations relate changes at one level (e.g., a  pigeon pecking) to antecedent changes at that same level (e.g., reinforcement  history). Classes of explanation are discussed in Chapter 1 Section III. D.  Science could be seen as the documentation of the relationships between changes in  nature and the development of a general model of that covariance. The science of  psychology is therefore the documentation of the relationship between changes in 
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Unformatted text preview: nature and the integration of those relationships into a coherent psychological paradigm. The question "why" is directed to change, the answer to "why" or "knowledge," is covariance within some paradigm. Additionally, general knowledge is wanted. Rather than to predict a single instance, we want to predict general classes of relationships. In that regard, when you look at a particular behavior in response to a particular event, you should see an instantiation of a general process. It is not that Johnny jumped, and then got candy, and then jumped again; but rather, that a behavior was reinforced....
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