Research papers have a syntax just as do any other form of communication

Research papers have a syntax just as do any other form of communication

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Research papers have a syntax just as do any other form of communication. If you  put words or ideas out of order when you are talking, then people don't understand  you. A similar case holds with research papers. All professional papers are written  according to the latest Publication Manual of the American Psychological  Association (4th Ed.)  The word “datum” is singular and the word “data” is plural. Never use  anyone's first name or affiliation. Never refer to yourself. Refer to the  behavior of the subject. Do not refer to the subject. A very powerful and  productive rule of thumb is to never refer to the subject outside of the  subject section. If you refer to the subject itself, you are probably wrong.  Focus on real changes in the environment, not presumed changes in the  mental processes of the subject. Use passive voice; no one wants to know 
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