The dynamic mechanism underlying science involves the codification of observations around some presu

The dynamic mechanism underlying science involves the codification of observations around some presu

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The dynamic mechanism underlying science involves the codification of observations  around some presumed "process in nature" or "natural law" and the belief in that  causal system until multiple converging evidence overwhelmingly leads to a  correction, after which a different underlying process is accepted as causing the  sense data, such that the new perspective is even more coherent than before.  Such a revolution occurred when astronomy shifted from the earth- centered solar system of Ptolemy to the sun-centered system advocated by  Copernicus.  A metaphor for a paradigm would picture people probing the bottom of a  muddy lake with poles, trying to identify what fell into the lake. Some  observations result in high spots, some indicate muddy bottom. After  many observations someone comes up with an idea about the nature of  what it must be (e.g., a steam shovel). This perspective is the "paradigm." 
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This note was uploaded on 11/09/2011 for the course PSY PSY2012 taught by Professor Scheff during the Fall '09 term at Broward College.

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