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With the substitution of transcendental

With the substitution of transcendental - in...

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With the substitution of transcendental idealism for transcendental realism, the situation changes dramatically. Both the Thesis and the Antithesis can be declared false. The world has no beginning because the synthesis of its existence at past times can never be completed. For every remote segment of time we reach (in a modern cases, by observing light that was emitted long ago), there is a principle of reason which impels us to seek an even more remote segment of time. This is a regulative principle of reason: that the task of synthesis may never be brought to completion. On the other hand, the indefinite task set by reason does not reveal an infintely enduring past. For every advance made in synthesis, there is always a more, and hence we cannot construct the whole infinite series. "When a member only of the series is given, starting from which the regress has to proceed to absolute totality, the regress is only of indeterminate character (
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Unformatted text preview: in indefinitum )" (A512/B540). This Antinomy, along with the Second, is a mathematical antinomy. It has only to do with the extension (in space and time) of the world and not with the conditions under which any of its states have come about. Each prior state of the world, or remote object, is only a limitation of the present state or local object. Even in the argument for the Antithesis, the only use of the Priniciple of Sufficient Reason is negative; if there were an empty time, there would be no reason for the world's coming into being at any one time rather than another. The time's being filled does not of itself yield a sufficient reason for anything; only rules of the understanding can do so. Antinomies which concern use of the rules of the understanding in determining the existence of objects and their states are called dynamical antinomies....
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